Traditionally, young people have energized democratic movements. So it is a major coup for the ruling elite to have created societal institutions that have subdued young Americans and broken their spirit of resistance to domination.How exactly has American society subdued young Americans?1. Student-Loan Debt2. Psychopathologizing and Medicating Noncompliance3. Schools That Educate for Compliance and Not for Democracy4. “No Child Left Behind” and “Race to the Top”5. Shaming Young People Who Take Education—But Not Their Schooling—Seriously6. The Normalization of Surveillance7. Television8. Fundamentalist Religion and Fundamentalist Consumerism
Click through the link for an in-depth discussion of each point.
Asked to identify the age of a young boy that committed a felony, participants in a study routinely overestimated the age of black children far more than they did white kids.The study, published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, aimed at figuring out the extent to which black children were likely to be treated differently than their white peers solely based on race.Author Phillip Atiba Goff of UCLA told the American Psychological Association, ”Our research found that black boys can be seen as responsible for their actions at an age when white boys still benefit from the assumption that children are essentially innocent.”
In the graph below, their research shows the shows the number of use of force incidents by officers in the study:
The below graph shows the results of the study of mean age overestimation by college participants (left) and, frighteningly of police officers (right) in the study:
Police participants in particular grossly overestimated the age of black children when they suspected them of felonies especially. In fact, when a police officer suspected a white child of a felony, they underestimated their ages on average. College students also mimicked this trend in grossly overestimating the age of black children they suspected of felonies vs. white and latino children.
"[T]he implicit dehumanization of Blacks," the study’s authors write, “was a significant predictor of racial disparities in the use of force against children” — though they’re clear to note that it is “plausible that negative interactions with Black children disproportionately produce implicit anti-Black dehumanization.”
The humanity and innocence of black children and their bodies does not exist in our virulently antiblack society. There is no sanctity of black life, and we will even execute 14 year old black children like George Stinney for the crime of existing in our white supremacist society. Even criminal white children will still be seen as children, whereas black children are simply miniature adults bound to fill another bed in the prison industrial complex. Sickening.
(h/t For Harriet)
my favorite sweater has a giant hole in it, and my hair needs to be picked out but overall, been a pretty good day…
and what she finna have, she don’t know
she want neo soul cuz hip hop is old,
she don’t want to rock and roll.
Last night I went to Starbucks and when the guy finished my drink, he bent down and wispered, “Don’t let anyone dull your sparkle.” I just smiled and took my drink, and while I was leaving I heard the other worker saying: “WOULD YOU STOP TELLING PEOPLE THAT, NOBODY CARES ABOUT YOUR INSPIRATIONAL SHIT!” and the guy responded with, “Gurl, there is no way in hell I am letting you dull my sparkle.”
I am crying
this picture should win an oscar itself omg
Chrystelle Saint Louis Augustin wear Jean Paul Gaultier, photographed by Mario Testino for Allure Magazine, September 2007.